1. What are cookies?
Cookies are small pieces of text sent by your web browser by a site you visit. A cookie is stored in your web browser and allows the service or a third party to recognize you and make your next visit easier and more useful to you.
Please note: Cookies do not contain software, viruses or spyware and cannot access the information on the user’s hard drive. Cookies do not request personal information and do not personally identify internet users.
A cookie consists of the name and content, the duration of its existence being determined, and can be accessed again by the webserver when a user returns to the website associated with that webserver.
Cookies are classified into:
- Session cookies – these are temporarily stored in the browser history that stores them until the user logs out of that website or closes the browser window.
- Persistent cookies – these are stored, depending on the default time, on the hard drive of a computer or device. Persistent cookies also include those placed by a website other than the one the user is currently visiting – known as “third party cookies” – which can be used anonymously to store a user’s interests. so that the most relevant advertising for users is delivered.
The original cookies are installed by the site you are visiting. They can only be read by that site. In addition, sites sometimes use external services, which place their own cookies – these are third-party cookies. Persistent cookies are cookies stored on your computer that, unlike session cookies, are not automatically deleted when you close your browser.
Each time you visit the official “Unchain Fintech Festival” website, you are invited to accept or decline cookies. The purpose is to allow the site to remember your preferences (such as username, language, etc.) for a certain period of time. This way, you don’t have to re-enter this data when browsing the site during the same visit. Cookies may also be used to create anonymous statistics about your browsing experience on our sites.
2. What are the advantages of cookies?
A cookie contains information that links users to a particular website. If a browser accesses that web server again, it can read the information already stored and react accordingly. Cookies provide users with a pleasant browsing experience and support the efforts of many websites to provide comfortable services to users: eg online privacy preferences, site language options, shopping costs or relevant advertising.
3. What is the lifetime of a cookie?
The lifetime of a cookie may vary, depending on the purpose for which it is placed. There are cookies used exclusively for a single session – they are no longer retained after the user leaves the website. Permanent cookies – are retained and reused each time the user returns to that website, but can be deleted at any time by the user.
4. How do we use them?
When you use and access the service, we may place a number of cookies in your web browser.
4.1. Essential cookies. We may use essential cookies to authenticate users and prevent fraudulent use of user accounts.
4.2. Performance cookies. This type of cookie remembers the user’s preferences on this site, so there is no need to set them each time you visit the site. For example: video player volume settings, video streaming speed that the browser is compatible with.
4.4. Geotargeting cookies. These cookies are used by a software that determines which country you come from. It is completely anonymous and is only used to target content – even when you are on our page in Romanian or in another language you receive the same advertisement.
4.5. Cookies for registration. When you register on this site, we generate a cookie that notifies us if you are registered or not. Our servers use these cookies to show us the account with which you are registered and if you have permission for a specific service. It also allows us to associate any comments you post on our site with your username. If you do not select “keep me registered”, this cookie will be automatically deleted when you close your browser or computer.
4.6. Advertising cookies. These cookies allow us to find out whether or not you have viewed an online advertisement, what its type is, and how long it has been since you saw the advertisement. These cookies are also used to target online advertising. We may also use third-party cookies for better targeting of advertising, for example to show holiday advertisements, if the user recently visited an article on the holiday website. These cookies are anonymous, they store information about the content viewed, not about users. We also set anonymous cookies through other sites we advertise on. By receiving them, we may use them to recognize you as a visitor to that site. If you later visit our site, we will be able to deliver advertising based on this information.
4.7. Advertising provider cookies. Much of the advertising you find on this site belongs to third parties. Some of these parties use their own anonymous cookies to analyse how many people have been exposed to an advertisement, or to see how many people have been exposed to the same ad more than once. The companies that generate these cookies have their own privacy policies, and this site does not have access to read or write these cookies. Third-party cookies may be used to show you the advertising of your card on other sites as well, based on your browsing on this site.
4.8. Other third party cookies. On some pages, third parties may set their own anonymous cookies in order to track the success of an application, or to customize an application. Due to usage, this site cannot access these cookies, just as third parties cannot access cookies held by this site. For example, when you share an article using the social media button on this site, that social network will record your activity.
5. What kind of information is stored and accessed through cookies?
Cookies store information in a small text file that allows a website to recognize a browser. The web server will recognize the browser until the cookie expires or is deleted. The cookie stores important information that enhances the Internet browsing experience (eg settings for the language in which you want to access a site; keeping a user logged in to their webmail account; online banking security; keeping products in the shopping cart).
6. Why are cookies important for the internet?
Cookies are the focal point of the efficient operation of the Internet, helping to generate a friendly browsing experience tailored to the preferences and interests of each user. Declining or disabling cookies may make some sites impossible to use.
Rejecting or disabling cookies does not mean that you will no longer receive online advertising – only that it will no longer be able to take into account your preferences and interests, as evidenced by your browsing behavior.
Examples of important uses of cookies (which do not require a user to authenticate through an account):
- Content and services tailored to user preferences – categories of news, weather, sports, maps, public and government services, entertainment sites and travel services.
- Offers tailored to users’ interests – password retention, language preferences (Ex: displaying Adwords search results).
- Retention of child protection filters on Internet content (family mode options, safe search features)
- Limit the frequency of ad serving – Limit the number of impressions of an ad for a particular user on a site.
- Providing more user-friendly advertising.
- Measurement, optimization and analytics features – such as confirming a certain level of traffic to a website, what type of content is viewed and how a user gets to a website (eg through search engines, directly from other websites). etc.). Websites carry out these analyzes of their use in order to improve the sites for the benefit of the users.
7. Security and privacy issues
Cookies are NOT viruses! They use plain text formats. They are not made up of pieces of code so they cannot be executed or authored. As a result, they cannot be duplicated or replicated on other networks to run or replicate. Because they cannot perform these functions, they cannot be considered viruses.
However, cookies may be used for negative purposes. Because it stores information about users’ preferences and browsing history, both on a particular site and on several other sites, cookies can be used as a form of Spyware. Many anti-spyware products are aware of this and constantly mark cookies to be deleted during anti-virus / anti-spyware deletion / scanning procedures.
In general, browsers have integrated privacy settings that provide different levels of acceptance of cookies, validity period and automatic deletion after the user has visited a particular site.
8. Other security issues related to cookies
Because identity protection is very valuable and represents the right of every internet user, it is advisable to know what possible problems cookies can create. Because through them information is constantly transmitted in both directions between the browser and the website, if an attacker or unauthorized person intervenes during the transmission of data, the information contained in the cookie may be intercepted. Although very rare, this can happen if the browser connects to the server using an unencrypted network (eg an unsecured WiFi network).
Other cookie-based attacks involve incorrect cookie settings on servers. If a website does not require the browser to use only encrypted channels, attackers can use this vulnerability to trick browsers into sending information through unsecured channels. Attackers then use the information to gain unauthorized access to certain sites. It is very important to be careful in choosing the most appropriate method of protecting your personal information.
9. Tips for safe and responsible browsing based on cookies
Customize your browser settings for cookies to reflect a comfortable level of cookie security for you. browsing and personal data access. If you share access to your computer, you can consider setting your browser to clear individual browsing data each time you close your browser. This is an option to access sites that place cookies and to delete any visit information at the end of the browsing session. Install and constantly update your antispyware applications.
Many of the spyware detection and prevention applications include site attack detection. This prevents the browser from accessing websites that could exploit browser vulnerabilities or download malicious software. Make sure your browser is always up to date. Many cookie-based attacks are exploited by exploiting the weaknesses of older versions of browsers.
Cookies are everywhere and cannot be avoided if you want to enjoy access to the best and largest sites on the Internet – local or international. With a clear understanding of how they operate and the benefits they bring, you can take the necessary security measures so that you can surf the Internet with confidence.
10. Disabling and rejecting cookies
Disabling and refusing to receive cookies may make certain sites impractical or difficult to visit and use. Also, refusing to accept cookies does not mean that you will no longer receive / view online advertising.
It is possible to set in the browser so that these cookies are no longer accepted or you can set the browser to accept cookies from a specific site. But, for example, if you are not registered using cookies, you will not be able to leave comments.
All modern browsers offer the ability to change cookie settings. These settings are usually found in the “options” or Adword menu of your browser’s “preferences”.
For the settings of cookies generated by third parties, and for more information on the privacy related to online advertising, IAB Romania provides the following site: http://www.youronlinechoices.com/ro/
To understand these settings, the following links may be useful, otherwise you can use the browser’s “help” option for more details
11. Your choices about cookies
If you wish to delete cookies or instruct your web browser to delete or reject cookies, please visit the help pages of your web browser.
Please note, however, that if you delete cookies or refuse to accept cookies, you may not be able to use all of the features we offer, you may not be able to store your preferences, and some of our pages may not. display correctly.